Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly received Objective One status in 1999, primarily as a consequence of their low Gross Domestic Product per head (70.3% of the EU average). This resulted from a myriad of underlying socio-economic problems including the large number of people with relatively low levels of qualifications; with lack of basic skills beyond Level two being a particular problem. Graph showing Cornwall’s population from 1800 to 2000Cornwall’s population was 537,400 in the 2011 census, with a population density of 144 people per square kilometre, ranking it 40th and 41st, respectively, among the 47 counties of England. Cornwall is the landing point for twenty-two of the world’s fastest high-speed undersea and transatlantic fibre optic cables, making Cornwall an important hub within Europe’s Internet infrastructure. The Superfast Cornwall project completed in 2015, and saw 95% of Cornish houses and businesses connected to a fibre-based broadband network, with over 90% of properties able to connect with speeds above 24 Mbit/s.
The history of the mines is fascinating and there are often local tours running giving you a lowdown of what the work would’ve been like here. Starting with singing at the Golden Lion Inn at midnight on April 30th, ‘Obby ‘Oss goes through to the next day with two parades through the street which meet at the May Pole. Maintaining its traditional format, this festival draws a big crowd from all over. Other traditional activities of note include Mummers’ Plays, and the Furry Dance. Not only does this alley have a fun nickname, it was claimed to be the narrowest thoroughfare in the world in the 1978 Guinness book of records! The popular nickname for the street was said to be coined in the 1950s, after its narrow nature led to a fairly self-descriptive experience for a strolling pedestrian.
The traditional language in Cornwall is known as Kernewek which comes from the Celtic language family. Declared in 1777 as extinct as a language, Kernewek has been making a revival in recent history. Cornwall’s mild microclimate – an effect of the Gulf Stream as it skirts the coast – means you’ll find a wealth of exotic gardens, particularly along the south coast. But the romantic history of the gardens at Heligan lends them a touch of intrigue that’s hard to beat. Cornwall’s coastal paths are well-known, but inland there is plenty to entice walkers, too. Take a “stank” (local dialect for “walk”) on Bodmin Moor – a remote, heather-strewn moorland whose bleak but beautiful landscapes provide the perfect setting for adventure.
Extensive stretches of Cornwall’s coastline, and Bodmin Moor, are protected as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. South coast destinations like Mousehole and Looe became targets for these pirates who would raid coastal towns and villages, taking goods, livestock, and even people as slaves. The raids were often violent and brutal, leaving communities devastated. The mining industry in Cornwall Media was a major driver of the local economy and provided jobs for thousands of people. Cornwall, or Kernow as it’s referred to in the traditional Cornish language, is such a stunning part of the UK.
Visitors to Cornwall are served by the airport at Newquay, whilst private jets, charters and helicopters are also served by Perranporth airfield; nightsleeper and daily rail services run between Cornwall, London and other regions of the UK. The cliffs at BedruthanCornwall has a tourism-based seasonal economy which is estimated to contribute up to 24% of Cornwall’s gross domestic product. White-sand beaches, azure seas, a mild microclimate and a slower pace of life make them one of Cornwall’s most appealing places. Fleets of boat trips fan out from the main island, St Mary’s, to the other four inhabited isles. Tresco is the most visited thanks to the subtropical Tresco Abbey Garden. But the best tip is to arrange to be dropped on uninhabited Sampson by the Isles of Scilly Boatmen’s Association.
This was the last recorded battle between Cornwall and Wessex, and possibly resulted in the loss of Cornish independence. In 875, the Annales Cambriae record that king Dungarth of Cornwall drowned, yet Alfred the Great had been able to go hunting in Cornwall a decade earlier suggesting Dungarth was likely an under-king. In the 880s Alfred the Great was able to leave estates in Cornwall in his will.
The latter also went through evolution over the centuries, however they remain exceedingly similar. As well, Cornwall showed a very different type of settlement pattern from that of Saxon Wessex and places continued, even after 1066, to be named in the Celtic Cornish tradition. Mills argues that the Breton rulers of Cornwall, as allies of the Normans, brought about an ‘Armorican Return’ with Cornu-Breton retaining its status as a prestige language. By the time that Classical written sources appear, Cornwall was inhabited by tribes speaking Celtic languages. This appears to indicate that the tribe of the Cornovii, known from earlier Roman sources as inhabitants of an area centred on modern Shropshire, had by about the 5th century established a power-base in the south-west . It has a population of around 21,000 people and is famous for it’s gothic architecture and paved streets.
Truro, and all of the towns and some villages have football clubs belonging to the Cornwall County Football Association, and some clubs have teams competing higher within the English football league pyramid. Of these, the highest ranked — by two flights — is Truro City F.C., who will be playing in the National League South in the 2023–24 season. Other notable Cornish teams include Mousehole A.F.C., Helston Athletic F.C., and Falmouth Town F.C. The Mousehole Cat, a children’s book written by Antonia Barber and illustrated by Nicola Bayley, is set in the Cornish village Mousehole and based on the legend of Tom Bawcock and the continuing tradition of Tom Bawcock’s Eve. Colin Wilson, a prolific writer who is best known for his debut work The Outsider and for The Mind Parasites , lived in Gorran Haven, a small village on the southern Cornish coast.
Grenville tried to use “”Cornish particularist sentiment”” to muster support for the Royalist cause and put a plan to the Prince which would, if implemented, have created a semi-independent Cornwall. The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 originated among Cornish tin miners who opposed the raising of taxes by Henry VII to make war on Scotland. This levy was resented for the economic hardship it would cause; it also intruded on a special Cornish tax exemption. The rebels marched on London, gaining supporters as they went, but were defeated at the Battle of Deptford Bridge. 1387 of the Polychronicon relating to the geography and culture of Cornwall.